School and work


In Germany, every child has to attend school. Compulsory education usually starts at the age of 6 and ends at the age of 18. As parents, you are responsible for ensuring that your child attends school.

To determine whether your child is ready to start school, the local public health department will invite you to a "school entrance examination". If you are given the green light, you can go ahead and enrol your child at a primary school of your choice. You will find an overview of all schools under the heading "School Profile".

In Germany, all children start off by attending primary school. Here they acquire basic knowledge, learning methods and social skills. Afterwards, they change to a secondary school. There are various types of secondary schools. You will find more information on this under the heading "The school system in Schleswig-Holstein“

How long will my child be at school every day? This can vary. Children are usually cared for until 13:00. Some primary schools and many secondary schools also offer afternoon care. You will find more information here.

My child does not speak any German yet! There are special DaZ ("Deutsch als Zweitsprache" / German as a second language) classes for children and youths who do not speak any or insufficient German. Here they are given intensive German lessons until they can attend classes in German. The Education Authority will explain this in more detail.


Germany offers many possibilities to prepare for a profession after completing school:

  • on-the-job professional education (e.g. electronic engineer or industrial clerk) in a company (practical) and vocational school (theory)
  • scholastic vocational education at a technical college (e.g. educator)
  • study at a University of Applied Sciences or a University
  • dual studies with a combination of study and vocational education
  • You will find additional information on this subject under the heading "Vocational Training in Germany" [Link]

To find a job in Germany, a professional or academic education is very important. Would you like to have your education recognised in Germany? You will find additional references here [link to recognition of foreign qualifications]

You will also require a basic knowledge of German. You will find information on languages courses under "Language Courses".

More information on how to find work and what to take bear in mind when doing so can be found in the section "Work and Social".